Infant formula, baby formula, or simply formula is a manufactured food designed and marketed for feeding to infants and babies beneath 12 months of age, normally ready for bottle-feeding or cup-feeding from powder (combined with water) or liquid (with or without extra water).
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act define infant formula as “a meal which purports to be or is represented for particular dietary use solely as a meal for infants by the objective of its simulation of human milk or its suitability as a whole or partial substitute for human milk.”
Producers state that the composition of infant formula is designed to be roughly based mostly on a human mother’s milk at roughly one to 3 months postpartum; nevertheless, there are vital variations within the nutrient content material of those products.
Essentially the most commonly used infant formulas include purified cow’s milk whey and casein as a protein supply, a mix of vegetable oils as a fats supply, lactose as a carbohydrate supply, a vitamin-mineral mix, and different elements relying on the manufacturer.
Also, there are infant formulas utilizing soybean as a protein supply instead of cow’s milk (mostly in the U.S. and Great Britain) and formulas utilizing protein hydrolysed into its element amino acids for infants who’re allergic to different proteins.
An upswing in breastfeeding in lots of nations has been accompanied by a deferment within the standard age of introduction of baby foods (including cow’s milk), leading to both raised breastfeeding and raised use of infant formula between the ages of 3 and 12 months.
Types of Infant Formula:
- Cow milk protein-based formula-
Most infant formula is made with cow’s milk that has been altered to resemble breast milk. This provides the formula the proper balance of nutrients, and makes the formula simpler to digest. Most infants do well on cow’s milk formula. Some infants, nonetheless, such as those allergic to the proteins in cow’s milk, want different varieties of infant formula.
- Soy-based formula-
Soy-based formulas might be helpful if you want to exclude animal proteins out of your kid’s food plan. Soy-based infant formulas may also be a choice for infants who’re bigoted or allergic to lactose or to cow’s milk formula, a carbohydrate naturally present in cow’s milk. Nonetheless, infants who’re allergic to cow’s milk may also be allergic to soy milk.
- Protein hydrolysate formula-
These kinds of formulas comprise protein that has been broken down (hydrolysed), partly or extensively, into smaller sizes than are those in cow’s milk and soy-based formulas. Protein hydrolysate formulas are meant for infants who do not tolerate cow’s milk or soy-based formulas. Extensively hydrolysed formulas are a choice for infants who’ve got a protein allergy.
The usage of infant formula has been cited for quite a few increased health dangers.
Research has discovered infants in developed nations who eat formula are at elevated threat for acute otitis media, gastroenteritis, atopic dermatitis, asthma, obesity, type 1 and 2 diabetes, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), eczema, severe lower respiratory tract infections, and necrotizing enterocolitis when in comparison with infants who’re breastfed.
Some research has discovered an affiliation between infant formula and lower cognitive development, together with iron supplementation in baby formula being linked to lowered I.Q. and different neurodevelopmental delays. Nevertheless, other studies have discovered no correlation.
- 1867– A formula consisting of wheat flour, cow’s milk, malt flour, and potassium bicarbonate was developed.
- 1915– A powder type of infant formula was launched, containing cow’s milk, lactose, oleo oils, and vegetable oils.
- 1929– Soy formula was launched.
- 1935– Protein was added because it was considered cow’s milk protein content material was less than human milk protein content material; protein at 3.3–4.0 g/100 kcal was added.
- 1959– Iron fortification was launched as a result of a large amount of iron (~80%) is used to increase the red blood cell mass in a growing infant. Infants with birth weights between 1500 and 2500g require 2 mg/kg of iron per day. Infants with weights of lower than 1500g require 4 mg/kg per day.
- 1962– The whey: casein ratio was made like human milk because producers were aware that human milk comprises a higher ratio of whey protein, and cow’s milk comprises a higher ratio of casein.
- 1984– Taurine fortification was launched because newborn infants lack the enzymes needed to transform and form taurine.
- Late 1990– Nucleotide fortification was launched into infant formula because nucleotides can act as growth elements and will improve the infant immune system.
- Early 2000– Polyunsaturated fatty acid fortification was launched. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, like arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, were added because these fatty acids play a vital role in infant brain growth.
1. How long do babies stay on formula?
He or she does not need a lot of infant formula with each feeding to be full. You can start by offering your baby 1 to 2 ounces of infant formula every 2 to 3 hours in the first days of life if your baby is only getting infant formula and no breast milk.
2. What type of water to use for baby formula?
One option is to buy “Nursery Water,” water marketed specifically for babies. However, you could also look for low-fluoride bottled water that is labelled as being purified, deionized, demineralized, distilled, or prepared by reverse osmosis.
3. Is powdered formula better than liquid?
Ready-to-feed formula is a premixed liquid formula that offers bottle-feeding parents convenience but at a high cost. Most parents who feed their babies artificial formula opt for powdered formula rather than ready-to-feed because it is significantly cheaper and can be stored longer.
4. Does boiling water damage formula?
By boiling the water you make it sterile. By allowing it to cool for 30 minutes, the water reaches a temperature of 70°C. At this temperature it is hot enough to kill harmful bacteria that may be in the formula powder and cool enough not to damage a lot of the nutrients in the formula.